The importance of the veterinarian in the society of the 3rd millenniumThe importance of the veterinarian in the society of the 3rd millennium

Veterinary Medicine, a profession created in Brazil in 1918 and regulated on September 9, 1933, is today one of the most important professions in Brazil and in the world.

It is inserted in a very broad context that includes, in addition to the prevention and cure of the affections of the different animal species, the production and inspection of food, the animal health defense, public health, technical and higher education, research, rural extension and environmental preservation and ecological.

We are usually seen by laypeople as the “pet doctor”. The medical and surgical clinic of animals is today one of the numerous attributions that this professional has. It is also one of the most important, even for establishing a pleasant empathy with society, but it is still a sanitary activity.

The healing of animals begins with the oldest civilizations. The legends say that the Centurion Quirão, a being half man and half horse who is considered God of Veterinary Medicine, was the one who took his knowledge to Esculápio, predecessor of Hippocrates.

Today the activity of Veterinary Medicine has high biotechnology and goes step by step with Human Medicine.

Animal production in Brazil is one of the most important segments and the veterinarian contributes to the production of animal protein, a food source and quality for the domestic and foreign market, where today we are the largest meat exporter in the world.

Veterinary Medicine is an advanced public health watchdog. We established the prophylaxis of animal diseases transmissible to man, called zoonoses. It would be impossible to detail all the work and actions of the veterinarian on behalf of society. We have to value our work: value in industry, preventive veterinary medicine, veterinary surgery, public health, food production, veterinary clinic, refrigerator, field, research and extension and, finally, generation of wealth.

But, in spite of all the difficulties that face, the veterinarian ( veterinaire ouvert la nuit ) is preparing for the 3rd millennium with technology, ethics and, above all, concerned with the future. We must leave a legacy of encouragement to all professionals who have September 9 marked in their history, remembering that continued study and permanent dedication will certainly contribute to better Veterinary Medicine and the true recognition of the importance of the profession in daily life of man in the 21st century.

Qualittas speakers are invited to online veterinary event

In this first semester, Qualittas College invites its professors, Dr. Ana Cristina Nery, Dr. Paulo Jark and Me Mário Rennó, to the Papo Vet online lecture program. For each day, a lecturer will present the challenges encountered in the routine veterinarian. Check the schedule:

 When can a laboratory change be suggestive of cancer?

Bearing in mind that cancer is one of the main causes of death in small animals, “sometimes, in a change in blood count or biochemistry, we must include cancer as a differential diagnosis, because the sooner we diagnose a neoplasm, the better it will be the prognosis ”, explains Prof. Dr. Paulo Jark, who will show why attention should be paid to laboratory manifestations and how these occurrences can signal the presence of a neoplasm.

 Geriatric Coxofemoral Dysplasia

With the advancement of Veterinary Medicine and a population of pets that grows every year, there is a greater demand for tutors that seek to give quality of life to their pets. “Our patients are reaching higher and higher life expectancies. As a result, degenerative diseases, such as hip dysplasia, become more frequent, causing suffering to the elderly patient ”, comments Prof. Me Mário Rennó. Your lecture will address procedures that aim to minimize the effects of hip dysplasia, providing quality of life to patients and tranquility to tutors.

 Does my patient really have hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is one of the most diagnosed endocrinopathies in the canine species. Because it affects both young animals, as well as adults and the elderly, thyroid hormone is a very sensitive and influential hormone. “The use of medications and other pathologies can lead to a clinical condition that we call Sick Euthyroid Syndrome, that is, the thyroid hormone decreases, but there is no deficiency in the thyroid gland. This ends up being viewed as hypothyroidism and the animal treated as hypothyroid, even if the patient does not have endocrinopathy ”, claims Prof. Dr. Ana Cristina Nery. Your talk will discuss diseases and medications that reduce the concentration of thyroid hormones and how to avoid a false diagnosis of hypothyroidism in the veterinary clinical routine.

what veterinarians should know about the new Coronavirus

At the beginning of a new decade, the outbreak of the new Coronavirus mobilized researchers, specialists and public health agents from different countries. So far, China accounts for 99% of registered cases of the disease, that is, approximately 43,000 confirmed cases of infection, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The organization also records 1,017 deaths from this viral agent in Chinese territory.

On February 11, at a press conference at WHO headquarters in Geneva, the organization’s director general, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, announced the official name of the new coronavirus: COVID-19.

In an interview with Faculdade Qualittas, professor and veterinarian researcher at Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Paulo Abílio emphasizes the importance of accessing research done globally on the new coronavirus, “there is a global effort so that all publications that are being done now, they are in open access, allowing researchers, in some way, to update themselves faster and thus have a more specific look ”.

Based on the studies published recently, in the following video call, Paulo Abílio comments on the relationship of this new coronavirus to the viral agents of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), as well as the risks of a eventual contamination on Brazilian soil, the preparation of public health agents and veterinarians and, finally, the use of drugs and antibiotics as ways of preventing COVID-19.

OIE disseminates information on the Coronavirus

the Federal Council of Veterinary Medicine (CFMV) published information on the new Coronavirus 2019 (2019 n-CoV), which was originally released by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). In a question and answer format, CFMV translated the content in order to guide professionals and the population on the topic.

What is the new coronavirus of 2019?

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a family of RNA.They are called coronaviruses because the virus particle exhibits a characteristic ‘crown’ (crown) of proteins split around its lipid envelope. CoV infections are common in animals and humans. Some strains of CoV are zoonotic, which means that they can be transmitted between animals and humans, but many strains are not zoonotic.

In humans, CoV can cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more serious illnesses, such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (caused by MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (caused by SARS-CoV). .

On December 31, 2019, human cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology were reported in the city of Wuhan, Hubei province, China. A CoV, called 2019 new coronavirus (2019-nCoV), was identified as the causative virus by Chinese authorities on January 7, 2020. Since then, human cases with a history of travel to Wuhan have been reported by several provinces in China and by several countries also outside China.

For updated information, see the website of the World Health Organization (WHO).

Are animals responsible for new coronavirus infections in 2019?

Genetic sequence data reveals that 2019-nCoV is a close relative of other CoVs found circulating in populations of Rhinolophus bats (horseshoe bats). 2019-novelCoV is suspected to have an animal source, but further investigation is needed to confirm this.

While it is suspected that the initial introduction of 2019-nCoV to humans may have come from an animal source, the predominant route of subsequent transmission appears to be human to human.

The ongoing investigations are important to identify the animal source (including species) and to establish the potential role of an animal reservoir in this disease.

Are there any precautions to be taken with live animals or products of animal origin?

According to the advice offered by the WHO, as a general precaution, when visiting markets for live, humid animals or products of animal origin, general hygiene measures should be applied, including regular hand washing with soap and drinking water after touching animals and animal products, avoid touching the eyes, nose or mouth with your hands and avoid contact with sick animals or damaged animal products. Any contact with other animals possibly living in the market (for example, stray cats and dogs, rodents, birds, bats) should be strictly avoided. Care should also be taken to avoid contact with potentially contaminated animal waste or fluids on the ground or in store structures and market facilities.

Avoid close contact with anyone who has symptoms of respiratory diseases, such as coughing and sneezing. 

Other WHO recommendations can be found on the official website .

Based on currently available information, travel or trade restrictions are not recommended.

What is OIE doing?

The OIE is in contact with its Regional Representation in Asia and the Pacific, the OIE Delegate for China and the National Veterinary Service, the OIE Wildlife Working Group, as well as the FAO and WHO, to bring together and share the latest information. The OIE is closely linked to its network of experts involved in current investigations into the source of the disease. Rumors and unofficial information are also monitored daily.

What are the international responsibilities of the veterinary authority at this event?

The detection of 2019-nCoV in animals meets the criteria for notification to the OIE, through WAHIS, in accordance with the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code as an emerging disease.

Therefore, any 2019-nCoV detection in an animal (including species information, diagnostic tests and relevant epidemiological information) should be reported to the OIE.

Effective management of biosafety risks and cooperation with inspection authorities must be maintained at borders.

ABOUT THE COURSE

The veterinary medicine course at Faculdade Pitágoras will prepare you to take care of the health of animals of different species and sizes, with deep theoretical knowledge and refined practical experience. In addition to providing clinical and surgical assistance, vaccinating and performing therapeutic and preventive treatments, you will be trained to act in the management of breeding, in support of reproduction, in the genetic improvement of species and in research in the search for medical advances.

The faculty of veterinary medicine includes subjects that provide general knowledge in health and biology, and serve as support for professional performance. The disciplines focused on the technical performance of veterinarians involve the study of animal reproduction, veterinary clinic, preventive medicine, technology and product inspection.

Who is it for?

Of course, the main attributes of a good veterinarian are love and affection for animals, but that alone is not enough. It is essential to have the ability to treat the most diverse species, including domestic and wild animals, wild or tame. The veterinarian needs a sense of urgency, practicality, be careful, have emotional intelligence, sensitivity, attention and patience with both his patients and tutors. 

Areas of expertise

After completing a degree in veterinary medicine , it is possible to choose several specializations, such as in the clinical, industrial, environmental or reproductive areas. Check out the main directions you can take in the job market:

– Clinical care and surgery in hospitals and offices;

 – Analysis and diagnosis in laboratories;

 – Inspection and quality control of products of animal origin;

 – Assistance in agencies and institutions such as zoos, research centers and zoonoses control;

 – Service and coordination of projects in species preservation organizations and programs, such as EMBRAPA and IBAMA;

 – Assistance in NGOs and other rescue projects for abandoned domestic animals;

 – Animal breeding planning and management;

 – Assistance and treatment of assisted animal reproduction;

 – Development and commercialization of medicines, food and other products for animal consumption

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